Digital Earth and State Audit
Sona De Apro
The need for the application of the Digital Earth in government is obvious and it is no coincidence that the idea was proclaimed first by the Vice President of the USA. Digital Earth radically improves the quality of decision making, increases situational awareness, and enables seamless integration of heterogeneous and diverse data into a single global information environment.
The changes brought about by the Digital Earth in public administration are so significant that they require significant changes to management procedures and their documentation. In particular, the emergence of a special kind of documents becomes necessary — so-called 3D documents, which are large-scale copies of real objects that are not reduced to their projections and are immersed in a real landscape.
Land audit (cadastre) within the Digital Earth is carried out through 3D-documents. But their legal regime is quite complex and poorly understood. It is impossible to legally introduce such an audit through a 3D-document without establishing its legal regime. The traditional model of organizing the system of taxation and control in the field of property taxation in all economically developed countries, including the Russian Federation, has faced fundamentally new challenges in the digital age.
When creating a Digital Earth, Big data are generated by remote sensing and using various sensors to observe our planet. Big data has become a special value in the context of the development of the Digital Earth. At the same time, every day there is more and more information, which creates serious problems for their collection, storage, processing, ensuring their security and legal regulation.
There is a growing heterogeneity in the volume of data collected and it is difficult to determine their legal regime, jurisdiction and protection in general.
Consideration of the set of problems caused by the need to bring the mechanisms of state administration and state control in line with the Digital Earth is the goal of the section «Digital Land and
The session will consider the following issues: